The return of the car package?
Steel producers and the Indian government seem broadly aligned in their efforts to invest in this country to maximize metal recovery from end-of-life vehicles (ELVs).
Shredding auto hulks has long been the dominant processing method for ELVs in Europe and North America. Initial investments in India, however, indicate an important role for ferrous shears and balers in the process. In much of the world, the old “automatic package”, or automatic baled carcasses, have disappeared as a marketed quality. Could developments in India cause the grade to reappear?
In August last year, New Delhi-based Tata Steel commissioned its first scrap metal shredding and recycling plant, located in the town of Rohtak, Haryana State, India, in the northern part of this country.
In doing so, the steelmaker also launched two new scrap brands known as Tata FerroBaled and Tata FerroShred, linked to the sale of baled and shredded scrap produced at the Rohtak plant, which has a processing capacity of 500 000 metric tons per year. .
The steelmaker says its Tata FerroBaled and Tata FerroShred brands will offer “high cleanliness, low contamination, high bulk density, lower tramp elements and no radioactivity” and shipments will come with test certificates, calling it “another first for the scrap industry”.
In November last year, a ceremony in Noida, India, near New Delhi, was held to inaugurate another ELV dismantling and processing facility. This is operated by a joint venture (JV) called Maruti Suzuki Toyotsu India Private Ltd. (MSTI).
This 10,990 square meter (118,000 square foot) facility, at least initially, does not include a shredding plant. Instead, JV partner MTSI says the facility “uses modern, technologically advanced machinery to scientifically dismantle and dispose of ELVs.”
A graphic image illustrating the operations at the MSTI Noida facility, posted on the Maruti Suzuki website, shows the vehicle stripping and metal baling operations. It does not indicate the presence of a crushing plant. The plant still has the capacity to scrap and recycle more than 24,000 ELVs per year, says MSTI.
At the opening ceremony, Naoji Saito, CEO of Toyota Tsuho’s Metal Division, said, “Recently, we have been leading environmentally friendly ELV dismantling and recycling businesses in several major countries around the world. . Our experience of more than 50 years in Japan has helped in these projects. We will now implement best practices in ELV recycling and contribute to the circular economy in India by combining our experience and equipment made in India.
The decision to engage in more dismantling and less shredding in India could have several underlying reasons. Labor is generally more available for dismantling in the Indian subcontinent than in Europe or North America.
Emission reduction and environmental reasons could also play a role. Emissions from chippers are under scrutiny in Europe and the United States, a circumstance that Indian environmental authorities are likely aware of as they tackle air pollution problems there.
Yogesh Bedi, who heads Tata Steel’s steel recycling business unit, said during a late 2021 online event hosted by India-based SteelMint, “In this carbon conscious world where carbon emissions are a big “no” and climate change is a concern, recycling is going to be important. Any opportunities related to recycling should be considered in the future. Scrap is becoming an important future raw material.